Loan against FD.
All Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC’s) and Housing Finance Companies (HFCs) accepting FD’s now offer loans on FD’s under certain terms and conditions. Any individual who has invested in FDs may claim loans against deposits by paying two percent above the FD rate for the loan period, and this can be executed after three months of deposit. The loan against the FD option can be considered over the option of prematurity of fixed deposits.
Pre-mature withdrawal theory of FD:
Given the current economic situation where government initiates to bring liquidity into the system, HFC and NBFCs have also re-established their liquidity characteristics in their FD schemes. Organizations offer FD options with premature withdrawal. However, no partial withdrawal option will be offered to the clients. In the event of premature withdrawal, the entire FD will be canceled and the interest on penalties for the period FD will be charged. Let’s suppose, for 5 years from 2017 to 2022, an individual has ₹10 lakh in FD. If he wants to close the FD prematurely in 2020, he must give up 1% to 2% annually in penalty charges for 3 years. You probably only need 50% of the money, but you have to withdraw the entire funds.
Brief about availing Loan against the FD’s:
In case of financial crises such as medical bills or marriage payments, people prefer to search for loans from multiple outlets to fulfill their requirements. One such source is a fixed deposit loan. The loan against an FD is a secured loan where your fixed deposit funds can act as a collateral to receive a loan. You will obtain a loan balance of up to 90% of the deposit. You don’t have to pause and take the money from FD for loan whereas you will receive a loan against FD.
Who can apply for this scheme?
Anyone with a deposit account can use FD loan irrespective of salary, occupation and credit rating. The following individuals may apply for an FD loan –
• All the fixed deposit holders may apply for a loan from FD, including individual holders or joint accounts.
• If you are minor, then this scheme is not applicable for you.
• Five-year tax saving FD investors can not apply for this type of loan.
Pros from this scheme:
The FD loan does not have any obligation and it is impartial of any occupation and can be used by employees or self-employed persons. To get this loan, you don’t need a good credit score. The sum credited to your account can be issued within hours of application.
• FD loans have a lower rate of interest than other unsecured loans, such as personal loans.
• There is no fee for processing to avail this scheme. Most banks don’t charge any kind of processing fee for this scheme. If the banks charge any fee, the processing fee will be negligible as compared to the processing fee for other loans.
• You may not have to interrupt the FDs and chose to withdraw prematurely. In turn, this saves you from losing interest in fixed deposit.
• Loan for both domestic and NRI Fixed deposits are available.
• To avail this scheme, the process is very simple and hassle-free. The process of this scheme is easy and straightforward with least documentation. The form is handled quickly and there is no much involvement of paperwork.
• The loan may be paid in installments or for a lump sum, but it must be paid up to the expiry of your FD term.
• The main benefit of the FD loan is that the financial company does not check the credit score and the past records. Your FD account acts as a security so that banks recover money from the FD account if individual default due to any uncertainties.
Cons from this scheme:
• If an individual is unable to pay the amount loan borrowed, the bank is entitled to recover the funds from a fixed deposit in order to recover the borrowed money.
• The holding of the loan against the FD will not exceed the maturity period of the fixed deposit. This means in any circumstances the borrower needs to pay back the loan before the maturity of FD.
• If you do not have a fixed deposit and you require immediate money, a personal loan can be considered as better, cheaper and viable option.
The loan limit of various banks for Loan against Fixed deposits:
The SBI Bank, Bank of Baroda, ICICI Bank, Citibank, Punjab National Bank sanctions loan up to 90% of the total funds available in fixed deposits. Bank of Baroda and Axis Bank sanctions loan up to 95% and 85% respectively of the total funds available in fixed deposits.