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How this pandemic will change the Auto Industry?

How this pandemic will change the Auto Industry?

 

Most car manufacturers are appearing brave even when some manufacturing facilities are shut down due to pandemic. The pressure to move to Bharat Norm 6 is escalating. People have reduced the travel when they’ve realized how much they can do it from home.

The automobile sector was bracing for a harsh year even before Corona virus wreaked havoc with their best laid plans.

The sector is set to reshape in ways that will have a significant effect on the eight million workers around the world who work for auto companies.

 

The effect due to COVID-19:

For the first time in history, the Indian automobile sector reported almost Nil monthly sales. Car producers disclose nil performance numbers on account of the closing of manufacturing plants in April 2020. This is because of a national lock down in the battle against the corona virus pandemic. Changes in consumer behavior and the effects of COVID-19 is expected to affect car sales. COVID-19 has resulted in disruptions in the supply chain and its effect on employment, wages, and so far most showrooms have seen few visitors. When sales tend to drop, closing down underutilized plants can be a concern of survival. According to Peter Wells, founder of the Center for Automotive Industry Research, several of the major plants in Europe are still going to struggle.

This will be challenging for companies that manufacture smaller cars that appear to be less competitive, such as Volkswagen, Renault, and Fiat. Nissan intends to slash about 300 billion Yen in annual operating expenses and book investment charges while the COVID-19 pandemic further disturbs the automotive industry’s revenues. According to Toyota Motor Corp, the terrible economic effect of the COVID-19 pandemic was almost over, vehicle sales can be recovered in its largest markets by the end of the year. Toyota has cash stockpiles of $74.4 billion, the result of a decade-long effort to cut costs. According to Frank Witter, Chief Financial Officer of Volkswagen AG, nobody has a clear understanding of the period and intensity of the crisis. Some auto manufacturers are collecting cash and slashing expenses to ensure that they will withstand a protracted downturn.

 

BS-VI:

The move to BS-VI standards is to put pressure on the auto sector. Besides, the effects of BS-VI emission regulations and job losses will affect sales. The problems of the automobile industry are growing. For the Indian car industry, FY20 has been a difficult year. After facing market crunch due to GST and the upcoming BS-VI standards, the corona virus desperately hampers vehicle production in all categories. Combined with the market restriction arising from BS-VI standards, this has generated a cascade impact for the sector that is unlikely to bounce back soon.

 

Electric vehicles:

Electric vehicle sales have been remarkably robust though, lock-down sales of petrol and diesel-driven automobiles have slowed. As much of Europe closed in March, auto sales in the continent dropped by more than half. However, the registration of Electric vehicles grew by 23 percent. Sales of electric vehicles fell 31 percent in April. This is nothing compared to the overall European automotive industry, which dropped by 80 percent. Auto producers may not be as inspired to market hybrid vehicles over the coming months. Alternatively, they will be forced to drive SUVs that yield much greater revenues and are cheaper to market now that fuel costs have collapsed. Everything is going to rely on policy opportunities and regulations.

China and Europe are more encouraging than the United States to embrace electric vehicles. Electric Vehicles are also much more costly than petrol and diesel-driven. In this crisis, few customers will be able to buy it without subsidies. The government will create a scrapping program to promote battery-driven cars with tax cuts to subsidies. The emphasis needs to be on investing in regional manufacturing around the supply chain, upgrading skills, and building up EV Infrastructure throughout the nation.

 

About the stock:

The Nifty auto index has under-performed the market since January as it is not hopeful of any near term improvement in the sector prospects. Mahindra & Mahindra has a Market cap of Rs.47,402.93 crore. Its 52 weeks low is Rs.245.40 and its 52 weeks high is Rs.683. M&M’s closing price was Rs.381.30 and was 4.78 percent low. Maruti Suzuki’s 52 weeks low is Rs.4,001.10 and its 52 weeks high is Rs.7,758.70 having a market cap of Rs.1,54,032.08. Maruti Suzuki’s closing price was Rs.5100.40 and was 0.27 percent low.

 

 

Auto sector seeks special package to save industry from Covid-19 crisis

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How to invest in Insurance sector with tax planning.

How to invest in Insurance sector with tax planning.

 

Investment in insurance tools is a major part of everyone’s investment planning exercise. Although, it is important for people to be covered by certain risks, it is equally important that they buy insurance in which they accomplish their long term financial goals and helps them in tax planning. In recent years, the insurance sector has been at the forefront since the government opened it for private companies. Private insurers launched many new products and a healthy competition. This is good for investors because they have more options and a range of investments, but on the other hand it’s just as bad as it creates more uncertainty and the possibility of losing money occasionally.

 

All insurance products have their own pros and cons, so before making an investment decision investors should carefully understand all the aspects of the policy. Diversification and the development of a multi-product portfolio is one way to fix this challenging situation. Investors need to have knowledge of the various insurance products offered in the market and the positive or negative implications of these products. A stable insurance basket should contain Life Insurance cover, Medical Insurance cover, and Retirement/ Pension plans.

 

Life insurance:

The policy is available in 3 broad categories viz. endowment plans, life insurance plans, i.e. term plans and ULIPs. Endowment policies provide insurance and have some maturity returns. In this plan, maximum of the funds are invested in corporate bonds, Government securities, and various instruments from the money market. They deliver a healthy and stable return from 5% to 8%.

 

Term insurance is basically an insurance scheme. The premium covers the risk factor (mortality charges), revenue, and operating expenses in this package. This is why the premium paid for insurance policies is low as compared to the endowment plans. The premium charged in term insurance has no savings element and therefore no maturity benefits are paid to the individual.

 

Funds in the ULIPs scheme are mostly invested in the stock market and corporate bonds. The main distinction between ULIPs and standard insurance policies is the allocation of funds in stocks. These schemes pledge better maturity benefits, as stock markets have historically produced better returns over the long term. Nevertheless, investments in stocks are likely to lose money to a certain degree. Investors should opt for life insurance policies as soon as possible as age is one of the key determinants of the risk premium decision. As the income of an individual rises, they should increase their cover. It is normally said that the cover must be approximately 4 to 5 times of the annual income. An individual must fusion all three plans to limit the cash outflow and also to get the balance returns and reduce the risk.

 

 

Medical Insurance cover:

Medical compensation plans cover the massive medical expenses that occur in the care of an illness. As daily medical treatment is expensive, every person must have a medical insurance policy. Until accepting a policy, most health insurance plans do not cover chronic illnesses. It is therefore necessary to comprehend your medical policy in depth and invest early to offset the policy’s full grievances.

 

 

Future Provisions with Pension and retirement plans:

Insurance pension schemes offer life insurance to the investors when they are in the earning stage and monthly retirement benefits once they retire. ULPP is a type of pension plan where the funds are invested in market instruments. Investors can invest in ULPPs early, say at the age of 20, because they can afford to lose equity funds. Later, they can transfer their funds slowly into capital security schemes.

 

 

Tax planning:

While the majority think of tax planning as a process which reduces their tax liabilities, investing in the right instruments at the right time is also important in order to reach your financial goals as per your maturity period i.e. short, medium, and long. Basically, four different forms of tax planning exist.

 

 

Tax planning under Short Range:

It is a term used for tax preparation, which is used and conducted at the end of the financial year. Investors use this strategy to find ways to shrink their tax payments officially at the end of the financial year. Suppose if you decide at the end of the financial year that your taxes are high relative to the previous year, you might want to diminish it. Assessments can be done to get benefits under Section 88. Short-term tax planning does not require long-term obligations, though substantial tax savings can also be promoted.

 

Tax planning under Long Range:

The long range tax strategy is one that the taxpayer implements over the year. This policy does not provide immediate tax relief benefits as short-term plans do, but maybe beneficial in the long term. Typically you will begin investing at the start of the new financial year and continue to invest for a period of more than one year.

 

Tax planning under Permissive Measures:

Permissive tax planning means managing investments under different terms of India’s taxation legislation. There are various legal provisions in India that include exemptions, deductions, and benefits. Like Section 80C provides various types of exemption on tax savings investments.

 

Tax planning under Purposive Measures:

Purposive tax planning states planning of your investments for specific purposes thus ensuring that you can make the most of your investments. This includes the correct selection of investment instruments, the creation of an appropriate plan to substitute (if necessary), and Revenue and business assets diversification depending on your residential status.

In a nutshell, spending on Income tax is a moral and financial obligation which we all bear as citizens of India. The taxes we pay are used for our country’s growth. In a way, the taxes we pay are used for our benefit. According to the different income slabs, we each pay a different percentage of taxes, but all Indian people are entitled for the benefits equally.

 

 

 

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What are Gold funds and what are the benefits?

What are Gold Funds and what are its benefits?

 

Gold funds are unique type of mutual funds, through which investors can invest directly or indirectly in Gold Reserves. They can invest in the gold producing stocks, mining company stocks or in physical gold. Gold funds are the most convenient asset to invest, without the risk of theft or paper work as they are in digital form. This fund is kind of an open ended investment, where investor can issue or redeem at any point of time based on the units which they hold. However, their price directly depends on the metal (gold). Some investors use gold funds to hedge and diversify their portfolio and protect against uncertain economic condition. Many investors diversify around 10 to 20 percent of their portfolio by investing in gold funds. Golds funds are regulated by the SEBI and it is ideal for investors who are risk averse.

 

Types of gold funds available across globe for investors:

Gold Mining Funds:

In this, funds are invested in stocks of the mining companies and returns depends on the performance of these stocks. However, investment does not get affected due to any fluctuation in economy as gold price is affected mainly due to the fluctuation in demand and supply of gold. Gold exchange traded funds were first introduced by Benchmark Asset Company in India. This funds basically invest in the gold through Demat account. Returns and value of the investments totally depend on the price of gold. Investment in Gold Fund of Fund is same as exchange traded funds as in this, investments are made in particular unit of the Exchange traded funds without opening the Demat account.

 

Main purpose of Gold Funds:

Main purpose for investors to invest in gold funds is to grow their investment value and create wealth in whatever period the investment is made with protection against the market fluctuation. Price of Underlying asset varies according to change in demand of gold and at the time of maturity returns are calculated on current gold price. If gold price is increased, it gives more returns at the time of redemption.

 

What are tax charges for Gold Funds?

Normally, the tax which is charged on the Gold Jewellery is applicable to the Gold Mutual Funds schemes. But, taxes also vary according to the tenure. If investments are made for less than three years than revenue is added to the total gross income and considered as short term. But if investments are made for more than three years than 20 percent tax is applicable with indexation norms and CESS charges. However, if capital gains is through exchange traded funds (Gold ETFs), tax exempt is given. No TDS is applicable to Golds Mutual funds. During the time of buying or selling of funds, same tax is applicable as on Gold Jewellery.

 

Benefits of Gold Funds:

Flexibility in investment:

Gold funds allows investors to invest according to their convenience, comparing to the physical purchase of the gold. Investment can be made as low as Rs 500 and even small income class can also invest in this fund rather than purchasing physical gold which costs higher than these funds and gives flexibility. Gold mutual funds are one of the safest investment as these funds are regulated by Security exchange board of India and they continuously monitors the performance of this type of funds so that investors can analyse their future returns. Gold Funds are also safer than holding physical assets (Gold) as it is in de-materialized form.

 

Highly liquid:

Gold funds are high liquid funds as investors can redeem them in short term and are also protected against the uncertain economic situation. However, during market hours only, it can be buy or sell and net asset value of previous day is considered at the time of selling and trade is offset in one or two working day. To balance the overall portfolio, investor may always choose gold funds. Gold price is not directly affected to one investor’s overall investment and stocks in which investment is made. Gold fund is considered as one of the safest investment with good returns.

 

Some finest Gold Mutual Funds in India:

Axis Gold Funds has given return in a year up to 26% and for 3 to 5 year period 4%.
SBI Funds has given returns up to 22% in a year and 6% in 5 years.
HDFC Gold Fund has given returns of 22% in a year and 6% in 5 year period.

 

 

 

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Importance of Financial Literacy. Why it is a must have today

Importance of Financial Literacy.

 

One of the main concern is Financial literacy in this present situation, as it is directly affects the country’s economic development. India stands way behind in financial literacy level comparing to other countries. As per the media reports, India accounts for nearly 20% of the world’s population, but 76% of India’s adult population is not even mindful of the simple financial theories. It discloses that financial literacy is very low in India vs. the rest of the world.

 

Financial literacy, like other developed nations, has still not been a priority in India. The lack of basic financial knowledge contributes to deprived investment and decision-making. Thus a maximum of Indian people invest in plans which have short maturity and physical assets to achieve their personal goals, which offer fewer benefits and do not contribute to the country’s economic growth.

 

As per the media reports, nearly 76% of Indian adults do not grasp the fundamental financial principles and are thus financially illiterate. The studies suggest that India always had a low rate of financial literacy relative to the rest of the world. In fact, we are still far behind other countries and now is the time for developing countries like India to realize the value of financial literacy.

 

Why it is Important?

It is important because it will help us to know how money is to be invested and handled and how it can be used in ways that makes a person financially more secure in the future.

Justification for its importance is as follows:

 

Value of money:

Firstly, it is very imperative for all of us to know the value of money. This will help us to handle our finances efficiently. Financial literacy will teach us the importance of saving and appropriately budgeting the funds. We should not waste our money on unnecessary and expensive products. We can understand better, the difference between our wishes and needs and we should prioritize things in our daily lives according to our quintessence.

 

Keep the Debt in Control:

Being financially literate will help us to have a proper check-in our debt. Too much debt will make us profoundly troubled. If we are financially competent, we can decide how debt can be afforded and will be able to pay off timely, especially if we have mortgage and insurance bills. This will teach us to plan for the education and future needs of our children as well as medical and hospital expenses without the need to lend money.

 

Imparting financial Knowledge among Youngsters:

Being financially aware will enable us to protect the future of the coming generation. We should teach them how to make budgets and save for years to come. They will also understand how their parents work hard to fulfill all their needs, even at their young age. In making them understand the importance of financial literacy, responsibility and reverence for their parents will also be taught. This will also help them realize that they will be financially secure as soon as they age. Imparting financial knowledge will help them to be more responsible and street-smart.

 

To be ready for any kind of uncertainties and to add other income streams:

We face emergencies that need cash, or resources to sustain or overcome our financial and emotional crises. In times like these, being financially educated saves us the trouble of borrowing money, which only brings us more problems. Financial literacy will benefit us to invest in stocks and develop more income sources besides our salaries. The creation of multiple revenue streams gives us the buoyancy that financial crises can survive.

 

Assistance in old-age:

If you are financially literate at a young age, you will be stress-free for the rest of the life, as all the provisions to secure the future would be initiated earlier itself. An appropriate retirement and pension plan at the age to 30 will be rewarding for an entire life.

 

Works as a helping hand:

If we spend a certain amount of money for instance we invest in stocks, we assist the company’s business to expand. This will generate more jobs and will help the company to generate more profits. This results in improving jobs and helps to create a more progressive nation. Being financially stable gives us the opportunity to share our blessings with the poor. Helping others brings us an overwhelming feeling of fulfillment.

 

 

How co-working spaces can restart post lock down.

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How co-working spaces can restart post lock down

How co-working spaces can restart post lock down.

 

Most co-working spaces are now outlining radical steps to reopen their company post lock down, maintaining participants’ health and sanitation at the maximum standard of premises. The risk and uncertainty of COVID-19 pandemic is increasing each day. Although, policy measures are in full swing to stem the dramatic effects of this pandemic, which is quickly tolling human lives. There is also little clarification as to when regular business resumes. This is well known that the lock down cannot stay in effect permanently.

 

Measures to implement:

When the lock down is ended and firms can function out of their office buildings, several innovative initiatives and procedures will need to be enforced in all working settings to take care of the possibility of contracting the infection. The organizations will have to introduce improved protection procedures higher than a conventional workplace to maintain business-as-usual and guarantee strong organizational interest into co-working work spaces.

 

Work from home:

Indian IT industry allowed workers to Work From Home according to policy order during the lock down. As a result, nearly 90 percent of workers operated from home, with 65 percent from urban areas and 35 percent from small-town areas. The IT industry moved to the Work from the home system during the lock down very smoothly offering operational continuity to consumers without reducing efficiency or profitability, shocking both major companies and customers. So several workers operating from home amid reports that a substantial portion of them will continue even once the condition returns to normal life. Companies will now need to reconsider their approach particularly in office, interior and architecture real estate, to make the segment more appealing to customers.

 

Post COVID:

When the job continues after the lock down, optimizing the use of workspace is a concern. The workplace will entail large-scale behavioural and physical room changes. Organizations would now take advantage to revaluate their working course of action to give more adaptability to their staff, particularly thinking about the advantages of profitability and commitment, This will push up the demand for co-working space.

 

Opportunities:

Risk reduction must now be an essential part of organizational decision-making, particularly as businesses follow their business continuity plans. Organizations will intend to make decent variety in the geography, expanding the opportunities for adaptable workspaces in Tier 2 and Tier 3. They may likewise observe a piece of organizations moving to Tier2 and 3 urban areas to keep away from a shutdown during emergency. Expanding activities through geographies is intended to work well with the co-working group.

 

Co-working space:

Co-working facilities have often provided an advantage in terms of cost-efficiency. The world hopes to see the quickest post-lockdown recovery. At the point when the pandemic hazard facilitates, more organizations look to continue their business. Co-working spaces is the main decision for some organizations since they are more flexible in the time of the rent agreement. Businesses cannot afford to operate from home for so long, because many of them have tasks needing a high degree of direct control that are only possible in a structured office environment. These enterprises are heavily reliant on the office facilities to work efficiently.

 

Looking on, co working spaces will continue to restructure their work environments, such as relying mostly on activity-based workplace and collaborative zones. The co-working space team will have to focus on other things, such as ramping up hygiene procedures with daily sanitization of premises, beginning shift-based jobs, simulated meetings, even sanitizing the hands of each participant entering the property, and sitting in offices in compliance with social distance norms. It may include the supply of hand sanitizers and the substitution of bio-metrics with card access.

 

Workspace administrators will have to enable participants to make the most possible use of their collective senses when allowing the use of community resources in co-working spaces since sanitation is the highest priority. They will also have to make sure that members comply with shift-based systems to eliminate the possibility of congestion. They will also be expected to establish a new regulatory structure or regulations. People should maintain social distancing and carry face masks for good effect. Co-working spaces will be required to re-plan their work areas and make sure their encounters do not lead to infection.

 

Drawbacks:

For all the undoubted upsides of co-working spaces that are primarily funded by companies, freelancers, small to medium-sized organizations and start-ups. They also have drawbacks and constraints. Besides most of them missing independent canteens they often prevent businesses from holding activities in local places. Trying to maintain these services is another problem. While several major businesses utilize co-working spaces, these drawbacks have usually driven some others away from the possibility of adopting them due to lower rentals.

 

 

How to Plan Invest In Insurance Sector and Tax Planning.

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Trends transforming the automotive industry.

Trends transforming the automotive industry.

 

The automobile market is undergoing a profound transition in terms of its far-reaching effect on business and its customers. This estimates the structural transformation of the automobile sector in terms of timescale, complexity, and quantity. One of the industries that has been under extreme stress over the past two years is heading for another turbulent year of falling revenue, growing costs, and ever-present government regulations. Driving is going to be convenient, simpler, cheaper, and safer. At the very same point, the revolution in personal transportation will push the automobile industry to redefine itself to some degree.

 

Electrified:

The move to emission-free transition will become a universal necessity. Electric power used to power cars will gradually come from renewable power to maintain carbon dioxide-free mobility. The shift to emission free human autonomy will not be feasible without the electrification of the running rail. Firstly, there is the problem of local materials. The reality is that vehicles are still producing very small amounts of toxic contaminants, noise, and air pollution. It also suggests that the emission-free effort will be a regional one. The energy used to power cars should come from green sources to guarantee CO2-neutral mobility. After all, the vehicles of tomorrow will not only be a subject of mutual and autonomous proportions but will also be wired and electrified. Owing to the accelerated growth of electric cars, it can be concluded that the overwhelming majority of automobiles will be e-vehicle.

 

Autonomous:

The development of cars that do not need human interaction will reduce the usage of shared transportation systems and give personal transportation to different consumer groups. The exponential advances made in fields such as machine learning and artificial intelligence make it easier to accomplish that appeared impossible – i.e. the creation of automated cars, which do not need human interaction except in complicated traffic scenarios. This will redefine the usage of human mobility channels. It is probably attribute to the reality that the electrified and autonomous aspects are equally compatible. The proportion of shared and automated vehicles in the total road network will improve dramatically.

 

Car sharing:

Properly operated fleets of autonomous cars can lower the cost of transport dramatically by allowing more effective usage of costly mobile infrastructure. Over several years, many metropolitan areas have provided car-sharing services. Although, these are still mostly conducted as pilot projects or citizens’ programs. Exchanging ideas may become commercially feasible with the advent of automated vehicles. It will no longer be appropriate to look for a shared car in the local area. It will be possible to request vehicles anywhere the customer might be via a flexible on-demand platform. Although, station-based ride-sharing indicates that cars will only be obtained from predefined locations. The region of distribution for car-sharing represents the supplier’s market field. Ride-hailing is about taking a ride. This definition is increasing in prominence and will no longer be considered a fringe trend.

 

Demand for smaller cars:

Possible pay reductions, work shortages, declining wages, and no incentives will all cause Indian customers to be suspicious of investing mega-money on new cars. After the lock down is removed, the market for smaller cars like Tiago, Santro, Celerio, and WagonR, etc. will rise. Citizens will usually be suspicious of commuting through public transit if and when they are accessible to the public because of worries of being infected. They will like to drive in their automobiles and will opt to purchase a 2-wheeler or smaller vehicle without needing to pay so much on luxury SUVs, hatchbacks, or sedans. Maruti Suzuki will be the major winner of all of this and will undoubtedly improve its market share by new product releases and price cuts to target the middle-class community.

 

Used cars:

Used vehicles will be the kind of the post-COVID-19 world. A survey revealed that the inquiries for pre-own vehicles multiplied during the lock down time frame. Purchaser viewpoint appeared to be more rounded among the individuals who enquired about used vehicles. 77% of them were happy to proceed with their buy after the lock down. It was noticed that an impressive level of respondents liked to purchase old vehicles because of budget restrictions. The used car would profit most as people switching from a public vehicle to a private vehicle. With India’s auto industry is facing depression for more than a year and the Covid-19 shutdown now expected to deepen and the financial pressure of the mid-income class, used cars might end up being a go-to option.

 

Online portal:

The auto sector registered a major decrease in sales due to COVID-19 and BSVI. In the past few months, several automotive makers have switched to the online platform to improve demand. Hyundai, Honda, BMW, Maruti Suzuki, and others consider that this is an opportunity to reach out to potential customers as additional support to dealers. Automobile manufacturers are offering schemes to help customers easily buy their vehicle in the middle of the lock down. Auto OEMs try to concentrate further on the digital world to boost demand. Most dealerships and retailers will focus on expanding their digital presence, providing pick-up and delivery of cars for service and sale, and giving consumers a smooth shopping interface to achieve loyalty.

 

 

Importance of Financial Literacy.

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Fertilizers, Steel, Cement, and Electricity. How these sectors performed in April 2020.

Fertilizers, Steel, Cement, and Electricity. How these sectors performed in April 2020.

 

Fertilizers:

The Fertilizers production observed a fall of 4.5% YoY to 2,748 thousand tones in April 2020. The price of UREA in April 2020 stood at USD $262/MT vs. at USD $248/MT in April 2019. Price of DAP in April 2020 stood at USD $393/MT vs. at USD $424/MT in April 2019. The price of MOP in April 2020 stood at USD $290/MT vs. at USD $240/MT in April 2019.The production of UREA in April 2020 stood at 18.25 LMT vs. 16.51 LMT in April 2019. The estimated target was 17.67 LMT. The imports in April 2020 was observed at 3.40 LMT vs. 1.75 LMT in April 2019. The availability of UREA in April 2020 stood at 25.89 LMT. However, the sales were observed at 20.24 LMT in April 2020 vs. 15.96 LMT in April 2019. The production of DAP in April 2020 stood at 2.60 LMT vs. 4.18 LMT in April 2019. The estimated target was 2.45 LMT. The import in April 2020 observed at 2.62 LMT vs. 5.38 LMT in April 2019. The availability of DAP in April 2020 stood at 12.09 LMT, however, the sales were observed at 6.95 LMT in April 2020 vs. 3.56 LMT in April 2019.

 

Steel:

The Crude steel production stood at 2.752 MT in April 2020 vs. 9.021 MT in April 2019 with a fall of 69.5%. The Finished steel production stood at 1.346 MT in April 2020 vs. 8.753 MT in April 2019 with a fall of 84.6%. The consumption of steel witnessed a fall of 90.9% at 0.699 MT in April 2020 vs. 7.691 MT in April 2019. The Imports of Finished Steel stood at 407 thousand tones in April 2020 vs. 619 thousand tones in April 2019 with a decline of 34.3%. The Export of Finished Steel stood at 429 thousand tones in April 2020 vs. 516 thousand tones in April 2019 with a decline of 16.8%. The total sales turnover of steel from PSU unit in April 2020 from SAIL stood at 855 MT vs. 4537 MT with a fall of 81.2%. For RINL, in April 2020 it stood at 281 MT vs. 993 MT in April 2019 with a fall of 71.7%. For NMDC in April 2020, it stood at 400 MT vs. 750 MT in April 2019 with a fall of 46.7%. For MOIL in April 2020, it stood at 34.47 MT vs. 55.31 MT in April 2019 with a fall of 37.7%.

 

Cement:

The cement sector production stood at 4,077 thousand tons with a decline of 86% in April 2020. It observed a fall of 25.08% compared to the preceding month. The yearly Index for fiscal year 2020 stood at 145.7 vs. 147 in FY19. Some insights of cement sectors is that India is on the 2nd position in production of cement all over the globe as of 31st December 2019. Cement production in FY20 amounted to 334.48 MT. The capacity of cement production is projected to reach 550 MT by 2020. 98% of the overall capacity is from the private sector and the rest from the public sector. Around 70% of India’s total cement output is produced by the top 20 firms. Forecast noted the cement industry will meet the demand of 550-600 MT annually by 2025 as a result of the growing demands from different divisions, such as residential, commercial, and industrial construction.

 

Electricity:

The Total Electricity generation in April 2020 stood at 81,538.34 GWH vs. 1,09,263.44 in April 2019 with a decline of 25%. In April 2020, electricity generation stood at 74% as compared to the same period in the previous year. The Electricity generation in April 2020 from nuclear category stood at 4,144.34 GWH vs. 3,287.32 GWH in April 2019 with an increase of 34.28%. In April 2020, electricity generation from nuclear category stood at 126% as compared to the same period in the previous year. The Electricity generation in April 2020 from the hydro category stood at 9,658.23 GWH vs. 11,072.61 GWH in April 2019 with a fall of 12.77%. In April 2020, electricity generation from the hydro category stood at 87.23% as compared to the same period in previous year.

The Electricity generation in April 2020 from Bhutan IMP category stood at 90.90 GWH vs. 239.70 GWH in April 2019 with a fall of 62.07%. In April 2020, electricity generation from the hydro category stood at 38% as compared to same period in previous year. The Electricity generation in April 2020 from Thermal category stood at 67,644.87 GWH vs. 94,663.81 GWH in April 2019 with a fall of 27.66%. In April 2020, electricity generation from Thermal category stood at 71% as compared to same period in previous year.

 

Core Data of Coal, Crude oil, Natural Gas and Refinery Products sector in April 2020.

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How to choose the best mutual funds?

How to choose the best mutual funds?

 

Mutual fund is one of the best investment option for a regular investor, where investors can select and invest in a mutual fund scheme according to their financial goals and risk taking capability. However, an investor can directly invest or hire a mutual fund advisor. If an investor is investing directly, they will invest through direct plans of mutual fund scheme and if investor invests through a mutual fund advisor, they will invest in a regular plan of mutual fund scheme.

 

What are the various types of Mutual funds available to investors?

 

1. Equity mutual fund scheme – These funds are directly invested in stocks and returns depends on how these stocks perform over a period of time. These schemes give high returns but are very risky if invested for short term. Investors should invest for long term, at least for five to ten years. There are 10 types of equity mutual fund schemes available based on the capitalization and tenure such as Multi Cap funds, Large Cap funds, Large and Mid-cap funds, Mid Cap Funds, small cap funds, Dividend Yield Funds, Value Funds, Contra Funds, Focused Funds, Sectoral or thematic funds and Equity linked saving schemes (ELSS).

 

2. Debt mutual fund scheme – This MF scheme directly invests in Debt Securities. Investors who want to invest for short term i.e less than 5 years, should invest in these schemes. These schemes are less risky than equity schemes and provide modest returns. There are 16 debt mutual fund schemes based on tenure and returns such as Overnight Funds, Liquid Funds, Ultra short duration funds, low duration Funds, Money Market Funds, Short duration funds, Medium duration funds, Medium to long duration funds, Long duration Funds, Dynamic Bonds, Corporate bond funds, Credit Risk Funds, Banking and PSU funds, Gilt Funds, Gilt funds with ten years duration and Floater funds.

 

3. Hybrid mutual fund scheme – This scheme invests in debt and equity schemes. Investors can select these scheme based on their risk appetite. There are six hybrid mutual funds available based on the allocation and investment pattern such as Conservative hybrid Funds, Balanced Hybrid Funds, Aggressive hybrid Funds, Dynamic Asset Allocation, Multi Asset allocation, Arbitrage Funds and Equity Savings.

 

4. Solution oriented Scheme – These Schemes are especially for a particular solution or goal such as child’s education or retirement. However, they have mandatory lock in period of 5 years.

 

 

Mutual Fund Charges:

Total Expenses which a particular Mutual Fund incurred is known as Expense Ratio and this measures per unit cost of the funds managed. Generally, expense ratio is charged around 1.5 to 2.5 percent of the weekly (average) net asset of schemes.

 

 

How to select best Mutual Funds?

 

1. Know your financial goals and risk appetite – As an investor, one must first analyse his financial goals. Ask questions like, what they are looking for, short term or long term investment? Do they want to go for high risk, high return or low risk medium returns? For what purpose is money needed like retirement or any other specific purpose? Do they need money in near future? Or they want to invest for lock in period? By answering these questions, Investor will get a clear picture of their financial goals.

 

2. Compare the Expense RatioCost of owing some funds can be expensive so choose the lowest possible expense ratio. For example, if one fund has a cost of 0.50 percent while another has a cost of 1.5 percent as an expense ratio. Investors should choose according to the schemes and expense cost.

 

3. Avoid funds which have high turnoverIt is important to see turnover rate for funds, as it impacts the tax rate. It is basically a percentage of the portfolio that is brought and sold in a particular year. Usually, portfolio with more than 50 percent turnover carry higher tax rates.

 

4. Hire Disciplined Management Team – Fund manager should be selected on basis of the past record track and portfolio manager with high talent and experience team should be chosen.

 

5. Select No load Mutual FundThey are basically the fees, which are charged on assets (5% of assets usually). However, not all funds have charges. Investors should choose wisely, no load fund carry no charges and increases overall returns.

 

6. Check historical data and Diversify assets – investors should check historical data, reports and how they have evaluated them. Diversify whole portfolio, because in case an asset does not perform well due to some reasons, other asset class can balance them.

 

 

Some of the best mutual funds:

1. Nippon India US Equity Opportunities FundIt has an expense ratio of 1.5% and has given returns around 15% per annum in 5 years.

2. ICICI Prudential US Blue Chip Equity FundIts expense Ratio is 1.79% and returns of 13.81% Per annum in last 5 years.

3. DSP World Gold Fund – Expense Ratio 1.9% and Returns around 12.81% per annum.

 

 

Automakers come up with unique schemes to push sales.

Equity Right

Automakers come up with unique schemes to push sales.

Automakers come up with unique schemes to push sales.

 

Leading passenger car makers are partnering with NBFC’s and banks to give consumers competitive financing solutions and improve market sales. In the  several early months, a potential customer will choose to pay considerably low installments and afterwards increase the percentage payable at a pre-specified rate.

 

Maruti Suzuki:

Maruti Suzuki India Ltd has collaborated with bankers such as ICICI Bank Ltd to include EMI of a maximum of Rs 899 for the first 3 months of its loan value of Rs 1 lakh. Another scheme lets borrowers pay EMI as small as Rs 1797 per lakh over the term of service, including the last payment where the borrower charges one-fourth of the loan value. The Delhi-based auto manufacturer has also partnered with banks to finance 100 percent of the automobile on-road. The firm has recently collaborated with Cholamandalam, to provide plans in which consumers will not have to pay EMI during the first 2 months. Maruti Suzuki has allied with HDFC Bank’s aim of providing financing options to vehicle buyers. Advantages will include low monthly payments over three months each year, up to 100% on-road financing, etc. This will benefit consumers in the entry-level categories in general. Together under tie-up, consumers can make use of a step-up EMI plus balloon plan with a monthly installment of Rs 1,111 per lakh for a loan period of 84 months.

 

Car leasing:

Maruti Suzuki is currently proposing leasing automobiles to its customers via dealer networks. This change will add optimism to Maruti Suzuki distributors at a time when the company has been under continuous stress owing to decreasing domestic revenues and the financial crisis triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic. This scenario can be suitable for the release of such services by Maruti, as city buyers are likely to favor the vehicle leasing system, rate drop, cost-effectiveness, and less burden on leased automobiles. Innovation presents an interesting alternative for the recovery of demand of purchase of cars in city centres.

 

Hyundai:

In the meantime, Hyundai Motor India Ltd is now offering its automobiles on lease. The car manufacturer considers this scheme to increase demand. The Hyundai Assurance Program will be provided on selected Hyundai car variants bought during May 2020. It will also protect the buyer for a term of 1 year since the date of delivery of the vehicle. They introduced a special and industry-leading EMI Assurance Program. It will offer young buyers of Hyundai employed in private companies complete peace of mind through this period and build optimistic and secure feelings for the purchase of Hyundai vehicles.

 

M&M:

M&M, the manufacturer of Scorpio and Bolero SUV, has now launched car loan plans under which consumers are subject to a 90-day suspension or may pay in 2021. In a 8-year loan period, a 90-day payment moratorium including 100 percent on-road financing, to enable buyers conveniently acquire their cars will be provided in the middle of the lock down. According to the company, the policies provide a 50 percent rebate from the payment charge and the opportunity to “buy now, pay later” for the doctor’s segment, a strong reimbursement program for security officers. While, woman consumers will be entitled to a 10-point reduction on the cost of borrowing. The car manufacturer now gives consumers the option of buying a BSVI-compliant pick-up and charging the same EMI as the BS-IV model while, the SUV buyer will now buy the model now and begin paying the monthly installment from 2021. Also, the firm is selling BS-VI vehicles on the same monthly installation as the previous BS-IV platform. In this program, the EMI for funded vehicles begins with as small as Rs 1,234 per lakh.

 

Volkswagen:

Volkswagen India has announced a leasing and lending service. In a bid to improve demand and render its vehicles available to customers, the German automaker has unveiled different ownership options, including rental and buy-back options. According to the company, new ownership models have been introduced, predicting that consumers are progressively looking at personal travel through mass transit and car-sharing. Such new initiatives can be used across every dealer network. Whereas, the rental period can vary from 2 to 4 years. Clients can also make use of zero down payment together with premiums, servicing and some other costs provided by the scheme. The lease program also offers buyers the ability to switch to certain Volkswagen vehicles. Although, Tiguan and Vento can be purchased under the promised buy-back program, the business has indicated that more versions will be put within this scheme.

 

Nissan:

Nissan has also launched Buy Now-Pay Later from January 2021 on selected models.

 

Tata Motors:

Under its latest Keys of Safety financing system, Tata Motors revealed a personalized EMI program for its Tiago model starting at Rs 5,000 per month for 6 months. As per the update, the EMI sum is slowly raised over a cumulative duration of 5 years. Consumers can select between three choices before waiting for their final EMI. Also providing 100% on-road financing for the full line of automobiles and SUVs.

 

Skoda:

Skoda Auto India and Toyota Kirloskar Motor claim to give pre-qualified buyers a zero own payment plan. Even though Toyota has extended the offer to pick customers depending on their credit scores, Skoda is now extending the EMI vacation to four months to six months.

 

Honda:

Honda Cars India give cash discounts of up to Rs 1 lakh on specific variants.

 

 

 

Fertilizers, Steel, Cement, and Electricity. How these sectors performed in April 2020.

Equty Right

Coal, Crude oil, Natural Gas and Refinery Products. How these sectors performed in April 2020.

Coal, Crude oil, Natural Gas and Refinery Products. How these sectors performed in April 2020.

 

Coal:

The production of coal in April stood at 47 MT with a fall of 15.46% vs 4% in March 2020. The imports of coal decreased by 29.1% at ₹18.65 MT in April 2020, whereas in April 2019 it stood at 26.34 MT. The fall in the month of April 2020 is due to rise of the pandemic. The coal imports observed a fall of 6.18% in April 2020 over the preceding month. Out of the total imports of coal in April 2020, the volume of non-coking coal stood at 13.05 MT vs. 13.6 MT in the preceding month whereas the volume of cooking imports coal stood at 3.3 MT in April 2020. The total coal import for FY20 stood at 247.1 MT vs. 235.35 MT in FY19, with an increase of 5%. The key coal consumption sector is struggling with poor demand as a result of the lock down and the low capacity of plants. This resulted in a decline of demand for coal. In order to raise coal demand, the government has announced a range of steps such as an expanded availability of dry fuel for linkage consumers. It has also announced a number of relief measures, including the power sector, for CIL consumers.

 

Crude oil:

The production of crude oil in April 2020 stood at 2.5 MT vs. 2.7 MT in April 2019 with a fall of 6.35%. The production in April was 1.44% less than the monthly target. The target was 2,583.03 TMT whereas production was of 2,545.81 TMT. Crude oil production by ONGC stood at 1,681.77 TMT in April 2020 vs. 1,690.78 TMT in April 2019 with a fall of 0.53%. It was less by 0.65% to achieve the monthly target of 1,692.83 TMT in April 2020. Crude oil production by Oil India Limited stood at 248.25 TMT in April 2020 vs. 250.52 TMT in April 2019 with a fall of 6.39%. It was less by 0.9% to achieve the monthly target of 250.52 TMT in April 2020. Crude oil production by PSC Fields stood at 615.80 TMT in April 2020 vs. 639.68 TMT in April 2019 with a fall of 19.25%. It was less by 3.73% to achieve the monthly target of 639.68 TMT in April 2020.

 

Natural Gas:

The production of Natural gas in April 2020 stood at 2,161.33 MMSCM vs. 2,655.89 MMSCM in April 2019 with a fall of 10.88%. The production in April was 10.88% less than the monthly target, the target was 2,425.32 MMSCM. Natural gas production by ONGC stood at 1,725.69 MMSCM in April 2020 vs. 2,037.71 MMSCM in April 2019 with a fall of 15.31%. It was less by 12.73% to achieve the monthly target of 1,977.42 MMSCM in April 2020. Natural gas production by Oil India Limited stood at 202.05 MMSCM in April 2020 vs. 224.49 MMSCM in April 2019 with a fall of 9.9%. It was less by 4.64% to achieve the monthly target of 211.88 MMSCM in April 2020. Natural gas production by PSC Fields stood at 233.59 MMSCM in April 2020 vs. 393.70 MMSCM in April 2019 with a fall of 40.67%. It was less by 1.03% to achieve the monthly target of 236.02 MMSCM in April 2020.

 

Refinery Products:

The production of Refinery products in April 2020 stood at 14,745.18 MT vs. 2,20,703.06 MT in April 2019 with a fall of 28.78%. The production in April was 22.01% less than the monthly target, the target was 18907.44 TMT. Refinery Products production by CPSE Refineries stood at 7,103.76 TMT in April 2020 vs. 11,263.33 TMT in April 2019 with a fall of 36.93%. It was less by 28.91% to achieve the monthly target of 9,992.36 TMT in April 2020. Refinery Products production by JV Refineries stood at 925.13 TMT in April 2020 vs. 1,721.66 TMT in April 2019 with a fall of 46.26%. It was less by 22.71% to achieve the monthly target of 1197 TMT in April 2020. Refinery Products production by Private Refineries stood at 6,716.28 TMT in April 2020 vs. 7,718.08 TMT in April 2019 with a fall of 12.98%. It was less by 12.98% to achieve the monthly target of 7,718 TMT in April 2020.

 

 

Weekly market update (26th May – 29th May).