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Importance of Financial Literacy. Why it is a must have today

Importance of Financial Literacy.


One of the main concern is Financial literacy in this present situation, as it is directly affects the country’s economic development. India stands way behind in financial literacy level comparing to other countries. As per the media reports, India accounts for nearly 20% of the world’s population, but 76% of India’s adult population is not even mindful of the simple financial theories. It discloses that financial literacy is very low in India vs. the rest of the world.


Financial literacy, like other developed nations, has still not been a priority in India. The lack of basic financial knowledge contributes to deprived investment and decision-making. Thus a maximum of Indian people invest in plans which have short maturity and physical assets to achieve their personal goals, which offer fewer benefits and do not contribute to the country’s economic growth.


As per the media reports, nearly 76% of Indian adults do not grasp the fundamental financial principles and are thus financially illiterate. The studies suggest that India always had a low rate of financial literacy relative to the rest of the world. In fact, we are still far behind other countries and now is the time for developing countries like India to realize the value of financial literacy.


Why it is Important?

It is important because it will help us to know how money is to be invested and handled and how it can be used in ways that makes a person financially more secure in the future.

Justification for its importance is as follows:


Value of money:

Firstly, it is very imperative for all of us to know the value of money. This will help us to handle our finances efficiently. Financial literacy will teach us the importance of saving and appropriately budgeting the funds. We should not waste our money on unnecessary and expensive products. We can understand better, the difference between our wishes and needs and we should prioritize things in our daily lives according to our quintessence.


Keep the Debt in Control:

Being financially literate will help us to have a proper check-in our debt. Too much debt will make us profoundly troubled. If we are financially competent, we can decide how debt can be afforded and will be able to pay off timely, especially if we have mortgage and insurance bills. This will teach us to plan for the education and future needs of our children as well as medical and hospital expenses without the need to lend money.


Imparting financial Knowledge among Youngsters:

Being financially aware will enable us to protect the future of the coming generation. We should teach them how to make budgets and save for years to come. They will also understand how their parents work hard to fulfill all their needs, even at their young age. In making them understand the importance of financial literacy, responsibility and reverence for their parents will also be taught. This will also help them realize that they will be financially secure as soon as they age. Imparting financial knowledge will help them to be more responsible and street-smart.


To be ready for any kind of uncertainties and to add other income streams:

We face emergencies that need cash, or resources to sustain or overcome our financial and emotional crises. In times like these, being financially educated saves us the trouble of borrowing money, which only brings us more problems. Financial literacy will benefit us to invest in stocks and develop more income sources besides our salaries. The creation of multiple revenue streams gives us the buoyancy that financial crises can survive.


Assistance in old-age:

If you are financially literate at a young age, you will be stress-free for the rest of the life, as all the provisions to secure the future would be initiated earlier itself. An appropriate retirement and pension plan at the age to 30 will be rewarding for an entire life.


Works as a helping hand:

If we spend a certain amount of money for instance we invest in stocks, we assist the company’s business to expand. This will generate more jobs and will help the company to generate more profits. This results in improving jobs and helps to create a more progressive nation. Being financially stable gives us the opportunity to share our blessings with the poor. Helping others brings us an overwhelming feeling of fulfillment.



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How to invest in Insurance sector with tax planning.

How to invest in Insurance sector with tax planning.


Investment in insurance tools is a major part of everyone’s investment planning exercise. Although, it is important for people to be covered by certain risks, it is equally important that they buy insurance in which they accomplish their long term financial goals and helps them in tax planning. In recent years, the insurance sector has been at the forefront since the government opened it for private companies. Private insurers launched many new products and a healthy competition. This is good for investors because they have more options and a range of investments, but on the other hand it’s just as bad as it creates more uncertainty and the possibility of losing money occasionally.


All insurance products have their own pros and cons, so before making an investment decision investors should carefully understand all the aspects of the policy. Diversification and the development of a multi-product portfolio is one way to fix this challenging situation. Investors need to have knowledge of the various insurance products offered in the market and the positive or negative implications of these products. A stable insurance basket should contain Life Insurance cover, Medical Insurance cover, and Retirement/ Pension plans.


Life insurance:

The policy is available in 3 broad categories viz. endowment plans, life insurance plans, i.e. term plans and ULIPs. Endowment policies provide insurance and have some maturity returns. In this plan, maximum of the funds are invested in corporate bonds, Government securities, and various instruments from the money market. They deliver a healthy and stable return from 5% to 8%.


Term insurance is basically an insurance scheme. The premium covers the risk factor (mortality charges), revenue, and operating expenses in this package. This is why the premium paid for insurance policies is low as compared to the endowment plans. The premium charged in term insurance has no savings element and therefore no maturity benefits are paid to the individual.


Funds in the ULIPs scheme are mostly invested in the stock market and corporate bonds. The main distinction between ULIPs and standard insurance policies is the allocation of funds in stocks. These schemes pledge better maturity benefits, as stock markets have historically produced better returns over the long term. Nevertheless, investments in stocks are likely to lose money to a certain degree. Investors should opt for life insurance policies as soon as possible as age is one of the key determinants of the risk premium decision. As the income of an individual rises, they should increase their cover. It is normally said that the cover must be approximately 4 to 5 times of the annual income. An individual must fusion all three plans to limit the cash outflow and also to get the balance returns and reduce the risk.



Medical Insurance cover:

Medical compensation plans cover the massive medical expenses that occur in the care of an illness. As daily medical treatment is expensive, every person must have a medical insurance policy. Until accepting a policy, most health insurance plans do not cover chronic illnesses. It is therefore necessary to comprehend your medical policy in depth and invest early to offset the policy’s full grievances.



Future Provisions with Pension and retirement plans:

Insurance pension schemes offer life insurance to the investors when they are in the earning stage and monthly retirement benefits once they retire. ULPP is a type of pension plan where the funds are invested in market instruments. Investors can invest in ULPPs early, say at the age of 20, because they can afford to lose equity funds. Later, they can transfer their funds slowly into capital security schemes.



Tax planning:

While the majority think of tax planning as a process which reduces their tax liabilities, investing in the right instruments at the right time is also important in order to reach your financial goals as per your maturity period i.e. short, medium, and long. Basically, four different forms of tax planning exist.



Tax planning under Short Range:

It is a term used for tax preparation, which is used and conducted at the end of the financial year. Investors use this strategy to find ways to shrink their tax payments officially at the end of the financial year. Suppose if you decide at the end of the financial year that your taxes are high relative to the previous year, you might want to diminish it. Assessments can be done to get benefits under Section 88. Short-term tax planning does not require long-term obligations, though substantial tax savings can also be promoted.


Tax planning under Long Range:

The long range tax strategy is one that the taxpayer implements over the year. This policy does not provide immediate tax relief benefits as short-term plans do, but maybe beneficial in the long term. Typically you will begin investing at the start of the new financial year and continue to invest for a period of more than one year.


Tax planning under Permissive Measures:

Permissive tax planning means managing investments under different terms of India’s taxation legislation. There are various legal provisions in India that include exemptions, deductions, and benefits. Like Section 80C provides various types of exemption on tax savings investments.


Tax planning under Purposive Measures:

Purposive tax planning states planning of your investments for specific purposes thus ensuring that you can make the most of your investments. This includes the correct selection of investment instruments, the creation of an appropriate plan to substitute (if necessary), and Revenue and business assets diversification depending on your residential status.

In a nutshell, spending on Income tax is a moral and financial obligation which we all bear as citizens of India. The taxes we pay are used for our country’s growth. In a way, the taxes we pay are used for our benefit. According to the different income slabs, we each pay a different percentage of taxes, but all Indian people are entitled for the benefits equally.




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How to choose the best mutual funds?

How to choose the best mutual funds?


Mutual fund is one of the best investment option for a regular investor, where investors can select and invest in a mutual fund scheme according to their financial goals and risk taking capability. However, an investor can directly invest or hire a mutual fund advisor. If an investor is investing directly, they will invest through direct plans of mutual fund scheme and if investor invests through a mutual fund advisor, they will invest in a regular plan of mutual fund scheme.


What are the various types of Mutual funds available to investors?


1. Equity mutual fund scheme – These funds are directly invested in stocks and returns depends on how these stocks perform over a period of time. These schemes give high returns but are very risky if invested for short term. Investors should invest for long term, at least for five to ten years. There are 10 types of equity mutual fund schemes available based on the capitalization and tenure such as Multi Cap funds, Large Cap funds, Large and Mid-cap funds, Mid Cap Funds, small cap funds, Dividend Yield Funds, Value Funds, Contra Funds, Focused Funds, Sectoral or thematic funds and Equity linked saving schemes (ELSS).


2. Debt mutual fund scheme – This MF scheme directly invests in Debt Securities. Investors who want to invest for short term i.e less than 5 years, should invest in these schemes. These schemes are less risky than equity schemes and provide modest returns. There are 16 debt mutual fund schemes based on tenure and returns such as Overnight Funds, Liquid Funds, Ultra short duration funds, low duration Funds, Money Market Funds, Short duration funds, Medium duration funds, Medium to long duration funds, Long duration Funds, Dynamic Bonds, Corporate bond funds, Credit Risk Funds, Banking and PSU funds, Gilt Funds, Gilt funds with ten years duration and Floater funds.


3. Hybrid mutual fund scheme – This scheme invests in debt and equity schemes. Investors can select these scheme based on their risk appetite. There are six hybrid mutual funds available based on the allocation and investment pattern such as Conservative hybrid Funds, Balanced Hybrid Funds, Aggressive hybrid Funds, Dynamic Asset Allocation, Multi Asset allocation, Arbitrage Funds and Equity Savings.


4. Solution oriented Scheme – These Schemes are especially for a particular solution or goal such as child’s education or retirement. However, they have mandatory lock in period of 5 years.



Mutual Fund Charges:

Total Expenses which a particular Mutual Fund incurred is known as Expense Ratio and this measures per unit cost of the funds managed. Generally, expense ratio is charged around 1.5 to 2.5 percent of the weekly (average) net asset of schemes.



How to select best Mutual Funds?


1. Know your financial goals and risk appetite – As an investor, one must first analyse his financial goals. Ask questions like, what they are looking for, short term or long term investment? Do they want to go for high risk, high return or low risk medium returns? For what purpose is money needed like retirement or any other specific purpose? Do they need money in near future? Or they want to invest for lock in period? By answering these questions, Investor will get a clear picture of their financial goals.


2. Compare the Expense RatioCost of owing some funds can be expensive so choose the lowest possible expense ratio. For example, if one fund has a cost of 0.50 percent while another has a cost of 1.5 percent as an expense ratio. Investors should choose according to the schemes and expense cost.


3. Avoid funds which have high turnoverIt is important to see turnover rate for funds, as it impacts the tax rate. It is basically a percentage of the portfolio that is brought and sold in a particular year. Usually, portfolio with more than 50 percent turnover carry higher tax rates.


4. Hire Disciplined Management Team – Fund manager should be selected on basis of the past record track and portfolio manager with high talent and experience team should be chosen.


5. Select No load Mutual FundThey are basically the fees, which are charged on assets (5% of assets usually). However, not all funds have charges. Investors should choose wisely, no load fund carry no charges and increases overall returns.


6. Check historical data and Diversify assets – investors should check historical data, reports and how they have evaluated them. Diversify whole portfolio, because in case an asset does not perform well due to some reasons, other asset class can balance them.



Some of the best mutual funds:

1. Nippon India US Equity Opportunities FundIt has an expense ratio of 1.5% and has given returns around 15% per annum in 5 years.

2. ICICI Prudential US Blue Chip Equity FundIts expense Ratio is 1.79% and returns of 13.81% Per annum in last 5 years.

3. DSP World Gold Fund – Expense Ratio 1.9% and Returns around 12.81% per annum.



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BSE, NSE cut listing fees for SMEs

BSE, NSE cut listing fees for SMEs


Due to COVID-19 pandemic, all the sectors have been affected badly but SMEs segments are affected the most. Therefore, during the announcements of details of Rs 20 lakh crore stimulus package, Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman made special announcements related to MSMEs.


Reduction in listing fees:

Now to support SMEs and MSMEs, Indian stock exchanges BSE and NSE came forward. They have relaxed listing norms and reduced listing fee for small and medium enterprises by 25%. However, this norms are applicable to both existing and new firms which are looking forward to list on BSE SME platform and NSE SME platform.


What are the Current charges?

Currently for SMEs, Rs 25,000 or 0.1 percent of market capitalization of firm is the listing fee charged by BSE. The NSE charges around Rs 10,000 to Rs 45,000, depending on the SME firms market capitalization. Until now, BSE has 322 small and medium companies listed and has raised around Rs 3,278.84 crore from the market. Their market capitalisation is of Rs 15,865.39 crore so far. On the other side, so far only 209 small and medium companies are listed on NSE and have raised over Rs 3,200 crore.


What measures have been announced by government?

Due to the covid-19 lock down, many industries are facing problems like job losses and are cash strapped. During this situation, the main concern for MSMEs is that they are not able to restart their operations due to supply issues and non-availability of labour. Last week, while making announcement for packages in tranches, government changed the definition for MSMEs and linked it to the turnover limits of the companies so that their businesses grow with benefits. They announced measures for MSMEs and Rs 3 lakh crore package for collateral free automatic loans with separate funds for equity support.

However, these Rs 3 lakh crore will also be useful for existing borrowers who have over Rs 100 crore turnover and Rs 25 crore outstanding. Fresh loans can be taken by companies up to 20% of their outstanding. These loans have tenure of 4 years, with moratorium repayment period of 12 months. However, the government will also give them credit guarantee of 100 percent which will cover interest and principal to banking and non-banking institutions. Government will give around Rs 4,000 crore funds to Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGFTMSE) with partial credit guarantee to banks. However for expansion of MSMEs, the government will provide corpus of Rs 10,000 crore so that they can also list after expansion.


Further Expectations:

Micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) are very cautious while taking any kind of fresh loans, as they are not sure about the demands for their products after all activity resumes. Most of the micro, small and medium businesses and enterprises are expecting from the government, to give them direct relief by waiving their electricity bills and other fixed expenditure such as payment of salaries. However, banks have already reduced their loans such as credit limit. Anil Bhardwaj, Secretary general of federation of Indian micro, small & medium enterprises (FISME) said, for all the small business and enterprises, government will take care of their fixed expenses. MSME industry has three major demand, interest payments, easy access to loans and payments of salaries from the government, during this situation due to COVID-19 lock down.



FPIs exit markets after economic package announcement.

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FPIs exit markets after economic package announcement.

FPIs exit markets after economic package announcement.


On 12th May 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced an economic package of ₹ 20 lakh crore under government’s Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan / Self-Reliant India. The national movement of Atma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan / Self-Reliant India initiated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi is to support India’s all small and local business. He emphasized on slogan viz. #VOCALFORLOCAL.


Scamper among FPIs:

Approximately 40% of FPI sales in cash and derivatives sectors were observed in second week of May. The data derived from stock exchange indicates some break up figures such as FPI’s sold stock worth ₹6,486 crore. Additionally, sales worth ₹2,869 crore and ₹737 crore were observed in index futures and stock futures respectively. These sales was executed in just 4 trading days in the second week of May 2020. The data further states that since the announcement of economic booster package of worth ₹20 lakh crore, FPIs buying activity has drastically declined.


Decline in NIFTY:

On 13th May 2020, Nifty observed its peak of 9,584 within the span of 2 days. Nifty abruptly fell by 534 points and on 15th May 2020 Nifty observed its low of 9,050. In the same time period, it has also been observed that there is a sudden decline in Nifty Bank. Nifty Bank dropped 1,440 points from 20,122 to 18,663.

If we compare between Indian stock market and global stock market, the sudden change is only observed in Indian stock market and not in global stock market. The Nifty and Nifty Bank indices are two of India’s largest traded derivatives, and both of these derivatives are struggling under pressure from FPI’s as they are selling their investment in a massive quantity since the announcement of economic booster package by Indian government. In second week of May 2020, the indices decreased by 5.6% and 7.15% respectively, compared to their respective highs.


Support from DII’s:

During the same period i.e. in the second week of May, there was no support from Domestic institutional investors (DIIs). Purchases from domestic institutional investors (DIIs) was also low, and they purchased stocks of only ₹1,896 crore in cash. There are several rules and restrictions on the companies who are doing business of mutual funds & insurance on derivative speculations. Therefore, they are virtually absent in the field of futures and options.


Massive sales by FPIs:

The media report noted that FPIs have been selling massively since the second week of May 2020 and have been slamming markets after the announcement of the financial package by Indian Government. In addition, the figures apart from second week of May 2020, the FPI’s net figures appear to be clearly positive, this is a bit misleading.


Loopholes while extracting data:

Exchanges will not adapt these facts when foreign companies sell shares and FPIs buy them This was the case on 7th May 2020, when a massive block of shares entered the market of Hindustan Unilever (HUL). Shares of HUL worth ₹26,300 crore were sold by international investors on 7th May 2020. The FPI’s bought a total worth ₹19,000 crore from the market in the same period, while DIIs bought stocks from the market in the same period worth ₹3,818 crore. Nearly all FPI’s and DIIs purchases were in HUL for that particular period.

When these ₹19,000 crore investments are removed from Hindustan Unilever shares, then FPI’s were net sellers in the cash and future segments. Sellers and major buyers of HUL were both international entities, but only those registered as FPIs are required to report their numbers to Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and stock exchanges viz. NSE & BSE. Meanwhile, net buying by DIIs in the month of May 2020 is just ₹1,056 crore after adjusting the activity of Hindustan Unilever.



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BSE, NSE to launch rupee derivative contracts

BSE, NSE to launch rupee derivative contracts


The NSC IFSC  and India INX have introduced rupee derivatives which will help in bringing much needed added liquidity in the economy. This will supplement their customers with several investment options.

The motive behind introduction of rupee derivatives:

The CEO of NSE, Vikram Limaye communicated to the media that the introduction of rupee derivatives will help in the development of (Gujarat International finance tech) GIFT IFSC as a hub of global financial services. This IFSC platform will help in the rupee exposure of non resident participants. This non residents’ participation will also enhance the IFSC’s extended trading hours and USD settlement. They’ve already received permissions for offering securities trading in any currency except the Indian rupee.


Importance of introduction of rupee derivatives:

Mr. Limaye added that this measure will enhance the efficiency of Indian rupees’ price discovery. It will be done by eliminating the onshore and offshore markets’ segmentation. It will also allow for trading and hedging using rupee derivatives contracts to their trading partners viz. IFSC entities and banking units. The Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman did the inauguration of the rupee derivatives contract. The contract will be having a lot size in NSE IFSC – Rs 20 lacs and India INX – Rs 10 lacs and the contract will be settled in cash.


The futures and options:

The futures at the NSE IFSC will have in total three monthly expiry contracts . The options at NSE IFSC will have total seven weekly and three monthly expiry contracts. For the other one i.e India INX, there will be in total eleven weekly and twelve monthly contracts. In the past few months due to the corona virus pandemic crisis, there is an acute volatility faced by the currency markets. The introduction of rupee derivative contracts in the IFSC will lead to more stability during these situations.


The Contracts:

The chairman of India INX, Ashishkumar Chauhan communicated to the media that the size of contract will be Rs 10 lacs and the trading is made available from 8th May 2020, 3:30 pm IST. The trading is for both the pairs viz. USD-INR and INR-USD. He added that for the USD-INR product, many of the people like the exporters, importers, traders, etc associated with any kinds of businesses have expressed their keen interest. The Gandhinagar GIFT City is the only IFSC situated in India having zero short term, zero long-term, zero stamp duty and zero transaction taxes as of now.

Each and every businessman interested should consider trading and hedging using rupee derivatives contracts at the GIFT City. The MD and CEO of India INX, V Balasubramaniam communicated to the media that he looks towards the best participation of members and international participants. This will be the first launch of offshore Indian rupee derivatives contract.



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Investors get relief with standardized digital KYC process

Investors get relief with standardized digital KYC process


Know Your Customer (KYC) process generally contain heaps of paper work regarding customer identity and customer acceptance policy. All this makes the KYC process very lengthy and tedious. However, e-KYC is the option available to users but, for e-KYC stock brokers and various online mutual fund platforms didn’t have any standardized or unique set of procedures. E.g. In Person Verification (IPV) is completed by allowing customers by sending their recorded video to the concerned broker while some send their representative to the client’s home for the completion of In Person Verification (IPV).


New standard and unique procedure for Digital KYC:

Due to the unusual wake of Covid-19, the Indian government and Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) came up with standard and unique procedure for Know Your Customer (KYC). Media reports noted that Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI) fetched responses from various brokers about how the KYC process is executed presently and then they released new standardized norms of how digital KYC should be executed.


Details regarding Aadhar based KYC:

A notification was published by Finance ministry of India on 22nd April 2020, regarding KYC process to be completely digitized for transactions through some institutions. Notification states that 9 institution’s viz. Link Intime India Pvt Ltd, CDSL Ventures Ltd, Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), CAMS Investor Services Pvt Ltd, Central Depository Services (India) Ltd, and National Stock Exchange (NSE) can now undertake Aadhar based e-KYC. Notification noted that all the 9 institutions follow all the standards of privacy and security under the Aadhaar Act 2016.


Details regarding Online KYC:

Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI), clarified the KYC process and its functioning. SEBI notified various online services that Mediators can practice for completion of KYC process.


Some of online KYC are followed:


Aadhaar eSign

Aadhaar eSign is the method recommended by government, in which we can digitally sign a document using Aadhaar. It will be equivalent to the normal sign we do, i.e. physical sign using pen. This will be completed using One-Time Password (OTP).



Digilocker is an initiative of Central government. It allows an individual to store their personal documents online using cloud storage provided by Digilocker. It provides free upload of documents up to 1 GB. Users can store their PAN card, Driving Licence and other important documents. Digilocker is fully secured, while creating an account. The 12 digit Aadhaar number is compulsory and further every time you login to Digilocker, a 4 digit One-Time Password (OTP) will be sent on the linked mobile number with Aadhaar. Digilocker allows you to sign digitally through their platform. Securities Exchange Board of India (SEBI), allowed verification of documents for KYC process using Digilocker. Documents uploaded on Digilocker can be treated as original documents.


In Person Verification (IPV)

In Person Verification (IPV) can be done effortlessly by using mediator’s portal or application. For IPV, a representative from the mediators can connect client through video call and ask some relevant questions. Investor can complete their In Person Verification (IPV) by presenting their original documents on video call.



The complete procedure of KYC:

The complete KYC procedure will be executed online as per SEBI norms by using broker’s application and online portals. They can cross verify clients by name and all the personal details uploaded by them on Digilocker with digital sign. IPV using video call will ensure all the proofs provided by client are genuine. Aadhaar authentication will be done by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) whereas PAN authentication will be done by the database available in Income tax department.

Provision made to check the authentication of bank account is very simple. ₹1 will be deposited in a client’s bank account to verify all the details. This is termed as “Penny Drop” mechanism. Once all the verification is done, clients can download all the documents, do E-Sign on each document and upload it back to the portal. Another way customer can follow is to print all the documents, sign them, and upload the scan copy of it in the portal. Due to all this new measures started by government, investing online is an easy-going task.



Pre-GST CENVAT credit available till 30th June revised

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Jio Platforms acquire investment from Silver Lake

Jio Platforms acquire investment from Silver Lake

After the announcement of Facebook-Jio deal worth $5.7 billion a few weeks ago, Silver Lake, a technology investment firm is to invest $750 million (Rs. 5,655.75 crores) in telecommunications giant Jio Platforms Ltd. The investment is for 1.15% stake of the company at an equity value of Rs.4.90 lakh crores.


The Deal:

As per the deal announced by Reliance Industries Limited and Jio Platforms Limited, Silver Lake will invest $750 million in Jio platforms. This investment represents an equity value of Rs 4.9 lakh crores of Jio platforms and takes Jio’s enterprise value to Rs. 5.15 lakh crores. It represents 12.5% premium to the valuation of the investment made by Facebook which bought 9.99% of Jio Platforms Ltd.

Reliance Industries’ wholly owned subsidiary, Jio Platforms mainly focuses on next generation technologies. Reliance Jio Infocomm is a wholly owned subsidiary of Jio Platforms Limited which offers voice over LTE on its 4G network. The regulatory and customary approvals for the transaction are yet to be received. The financial advisor of Reliance Industries was Morgan Stanley. The legal counsel were ASB & partners and Davis Polk and Wardwell.


Statements by the CEO:

Reliance Industries Chairman and MD, Mukesh Ambani said that Silver Lake is one of the best technology and Finance firm. RIL is delighted and encourages such global technology relationships which will help them to transform the Indian Digital Society.

The Co-CEO and Managing partner of Silver Lake, Egon Durban said that Jio Platforms has great potential and has the power to bring low-cost Digital services to their customers and also to the small businesses population.


How will this deal help the economy?

Jio platforms stated that the COVID-19 pandemic has caused several economic disruptions globally and in India. This partnership with one of the the best technology investors, Silver Lake will have a significant role in revitalization of the Indian economy. The investment by Silver Lake will further help Jio in developing the world class digital platform it has built, powered by Broadband connectivity, Smart Devices, IoT, Blockchain technologies, etc.

Silver Lake is a technology investment firm with over 43 billion combined AUM and committed capital. They have nearly 100 investment and operating professionals worldwide. On 30th April 2020 while announcing its quarterly and annual financial results Reliance Industries said that it will achieve zero net debt status. The company has received proposals from other strategic and financial investors for a similar sized investments. They will announce it the coming months.



India may cap stimulus package to protect credit rating

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India may cap stimulus package to protect credit rating

India may cap stimulus package to protect credit rating


What does Sovereign Credit Rating Interpret?

Sovereign Credit Rating refers to the evaluation of debt paying capacity of a country based on their previous credibility of how previous debt is settled off. Sovereign Credit Rating are published by credit rating agencies. They are estimated by credit rating agencies like Standard & Poor’s (S&P), Moody’s, Fitch Ratings.


Importance of sustaining decent Sovereign Credit Rating:

For all developing countries, it is vital to maintain a decent Sovereign Credit Rating for overall growth of the economy. Decent Sovereign Credit Rating will aid to attract Foreign Direct Investment in the country.


Sovereign Credit Rating of India:

In the preceding year, Sovereign Credit Rating of India by Moody’s was negative, but afterwards they revised it to stable. Previously, Fitch Ratings forecasted growth rate of India will slow down its pace to 4.6% in the end of FY20 as compared to growth rate of 6.8% in FY19.


Regulating Indian Sovereign Credit Rating:

The Indian Government has limited the comprehensive spending on the unexpected spread of COVID-19 to ₹4.5 lakh crore. Additionally, they mentioned its important to have a detailed check on Indian Sovereign Credit Rating for safeguarding the economy.

Credit rating agencies stared demotion in their rating have been started in many countries. Thus different Credit rating agencies warned India if government tries to spend excess funds to curb the spread of COVID-19 virus. It may degrade the fiscal outlook of the country. In mid-March, the government disbursed ₹1.7 lakh crore to fight against the pandemic.


Major concern of everyone, is the Indian economy is stable?

A recent survey conducted by Federation of Indian Chambers Of Commerce & Industry (FICCI) and Dhruva advisors shows that businesses in India may slack their position in the market in near future. FICCI stated that responses from the survey highlights that the government should immediately come up with revival plans especially in Industry sector.

All the small and large companies are on pay cut including the prime minister and the president. Many SME’s gave up their office space due to pilling of a huge amount of rent and to keep control on their expenditures.

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SEBI demands info on unlisted bonds

SEBI demands info on unlisted bonds

The SEBI has asked the mutual fund industry to share information pertaining to the holdings in unlisted bonds. These are securities which cannot be traded in the Indian bond market. This is due to the corona virus outbreak which has froze the entire bond market, It has made the fund managers unable to sell or pledge their funds.


Data to be submitted to SEBI:

SEBI has asked the mutual fund industry to provide details regarding the assets under management of holding unlisted NCD schemes. Adding to it, the details of investments in unlisted bonds and the share in such bonds.


Extending the deadline:

SEBI has directed the mutual fund industry to decrease the investment in unlisted NCDs to 15% by the end of March and to 10% by the end of June 2020. Looking into the current scenario of the mutual fund industry, SEBI has increased the deadline by 6 months. In the month of October, the mutual fund industry was prohibited from investing in unlisted bonds by SEBI. This led to illiquidity of unlisted commercial papers and unlisted NCDs in securities.


Shut down of 6 debt funds by Franklin Templeton:

Recently, Franklin Templeton shut down 6 debt funds which comprised nearly 32% of the total value of unlisted papers. SEBI has asked the Association of Mutual Funds in India to give the details regarding the total portfolio’s investment breakup in such unlisted NCD schemes. It must include the residual maturity of listed and unlisted bonds and the details regarding other listed securities.

An industry person said to the media that some of the listed bonds are illiquid in the current market. SEBI will probably scrutinize the level of risk and stress the system if the redemption continues. These are particularly related to the mid sized companies with unlisted NCDs. It is because the terms and conditions are not easily available for such unlisted papers.


Friday’s deadline:

The deadline given by the SEBI to fund houses was Friday. A source said to the media that Friday was a bank holiday and the stock exchanges were closed. Hence, they didn’t expect an email from SEBI asking for the data. Many funds have been redeemed leading to an increase in the bond yields. Many mutual fund industries have asked banks to avail loans to increase the liquidity position. The fund industries would generally take an overdraft facility from banks to meet their cash flow needs.


Losses borne by AMCs when funds are borrowed:

A fund manager said that whenever the mutual fund schemes borrow, they have to pay interest to the extent of average portfolio yield. Mostly the borrowings are higher than portfolio yields and the difference is to be borne by the Asset Management Company. 20% of its AUM can be borrowed by the mutual fund schemes.